FANDOM


Telegram
100px
Developer(s) Telegram Messenger LLP</td></tr>
Initial release August 2013 (2013-08)</td></tr>
Stable release Template:Latest stable software release/Telegram</td></tr>
Development status Active</td></tr>
Operating system Android, Apple iOS, Windows Phone, MS Windows, Linux, OS X</td></tr>
Size 9.6 MB (Android), 17 MB (Windowsphone)</td></tr>
Available in English, Arabic, Spanish, German, Italian, Korean, Dutch, Portuguese (Brazil & Portugal)</td></tr>
Type Instant messaging</td></tr>
License GPL v2 (client), closed source (server)</td></tr>
Alexa rank Template:Increase 5,885[1]</td></tr>
Website

www<wbr/>.telegram<wbr/>.org</td></tr> </table>

Telegram is an instant messaging system focusing on privacy and multi-platform availability. Telegram clients exist for both mobile (Android, iOS, Windows Phone) and desktop systems (Windows, OS X, Linux).[2][3] Telegram users can exchange messages encrypted end-to-end, self-destructing messages, along with photos, videos and files of any type up to 1.5GB in size.

Telegram is run by a German nonprofit organization backed by entrepreneur and philanthropist Pavel Durov. It open-sourced its client code, while server-side code is currently proprietary. Software is also available from independent developers who make use of the Telegram API.

History

Telegram was launched in 2013 by brothers Nikolai and Pavel Durov, the founders of Russian VK, Russia's largest social network.[4] Telegram Messenger LLP is an independent nonprofit company based in Berlin, Germany,[5] which is not connected to VK.[6] Nikolai created the new MTProto protocol that the messenger is based on, while Pavel provided financial support and infrastructure through his Digital Fortress fund.[7]

In October 2013, Telegram had 100,000 daily active users.[4] On 24 March 2014, Telegram announced that it has reached 35 million monthly users and 15 million daily active users.[8] In December 2014, Telegram announced they had 50 million active users, generating 1 billion daily messages and that they had 1 million new users signing up on their service every week.[9]

Telegram runs contests challenging people to break their cryptography and disclose confidential information within a chat between two fake users. They claim that such challenges will be a permanent feature of their project. On December 21, 2013, a Russian IT-community user discovered a potential vulnerability in Telegram. They rewarded a $100,000 USD bounty after the problem was fixed.[10] On March 1, 2014 their first cryptography contest ended with no winners and they published the keys necessary to decrypt traffic.[11][12] Security researchers Moxie Marlinspike, the founder of Open Whisper Systems, and Taylor HornbyTemplate:Self-published source criticized Telegram's first cryptanalysis contest for being no proof of security and misleading the public.[13][14][15][16] Subsequently a new contest which allowed a Man-in-the-middle attack was started.[17]

As of February 17, 2015, Telegram's standard messages score 4 out of 7 points on the Electronic Frontier Foundation's secure messaging scorecard. It receives points for encryption during transit, having the code open to independent review, proper documentation of security design, and for passing a recent code audit. It misses points because communications are encrypted with a key the provider has access to, users can't verify contacts' identities, and because past messages are not secure if the encryption keys are stolen. In the same evaluation, chats in Telegram's secret chat mode scored 7 out of 7 points.[18]

Features

Telegram accounts are tied to the phone number of the user, with possession of the phone with that number verified with a code sent by SMS or phone call to that phone. Subsequent logins are notified to the initial device with the IP address and time of login.[19] The phone number associated with an account can be changed without losing messages. While availing this migration, contacts of a user who have the previous phone number of the user, and are not blocked by the user, will receive the user's new number automatically.[19][20][21] Users can set up an alias or username which can be used by any other user to contact them, without having to add them to their contacts.[22] telegram.me is a webservice provided by Telegram which allows directly opening a chat with a user by following a hyperlink (like telegram.me/username) on supported devices.[20][21]

The application features two types of chats. Ordinary chats use client-server encryption and can be accessed from multiple devices. Secret Chats use end-to-end encryption and can only be accessed from the two participating devices.

User accounts are deleted automatically after 6 months of inactivity, and this can be changed to between 1 month and 1 year.

Users can control the 'last seen' timestamps, replacing them with fudged messages like "last seen within a week". They can block other users and silence chats.[23]

One or two checkmarks are displayed to indicate that the message is sent to the cloud or read by the recipient, respectively.[24] It is also possible to see the status of the recipient when responding to a message.[4]

Standard messages

With standard messages Telegram supports cloud messaging and file sharing (with multimedia and documents up to 1 gigabyte in size) with synchronization across devices.[2][25] The message history can be searched without opening or downloading the conversations.[26] Sharing audio notes, geo-zones, GIFs or animated memes via Giphy[26] are also supported.

Private lists can be made for broadcasting the same message to multiple contacts.[25] Group messaging is possible with up to 200 members in a group, and an unlimited number of groups.[27]

Secret chats

File:Telegram Chat Secreto.PNG

Telegram claims it is more secure than some other messengers such as WhatsApp and LINE. Conversations are encrypted with AES-256 using the MTProto protocol developed by Telegram.[4][28][29] Only two devices may use the secret chat simultaneously.[22]

While using secret chats in official clients, messages deleted on one device are deleted on the other device too, a special message is displayed when a screenshot is taken, and messages can be set to be deleted automatically (self-destruct) at pre-set time intervals.[30]

On December 1, 2014, Telegram implemented Perfect Forward Secrecy in Secret Chats. This enables periodically changing the encryption keys utilized, keeping past communications safe. Official Telegram clients initiate re-keying once a key has been used to decrypt and encrypt more than 100 messages, or has been in use for more than one week, provided the key has been used to encrypt at least one message. Old keys are then discarded and cannot be reconstructed, even with access to the new keys currently in use.[20][21][31]

Architecture

Protocol

Template:Expand section

File:Explanation of secret chats (Telegram).png

The new MTProto protocol created by Nikolai Durov is based on 256-bit symmetric AES encryption, RSA 2048 encryption and Diffie–Hellman secure key exchange.[32]

Licensing

All official Telegram clients (and some of the unofficial clients) are open source.[33] Telegram's server-side software, however, is proprietary. Pavel Durov said the server code is not free software because Telegram requires a major architecture redesign to allow independent servers to act as an unified Telegram cloud.[34]

List of applications

File:Webogram Screenshot.png

Telegram has various clients with support for more platforms expected in the future. Its server system is decentralized and distributed around the world to improve response times by geographical position.[35] This list includes versions developed on official platforms backed by the development team, or supported by the community to be integrated in the future.

Desktop

File:Telegram Desktop Screenshot.PNG

Mobile

Others

  • Web app: official client for Web browsers (desktop and mobile). It can share images and files with previously added contacts, including files and emoticons. The Web app works in most modern browsers, being supported by Firefox, Safari and Google Chrome, among others.[40]
  • Webogram: free version of Telegram, where it originated. The code is available at GitHub.

See also

Template:Portal

References

  1. Telegram.org Site Info. Alexa, Inc.. Retrieved on March 1, 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 List of Telegram applications (6 February 2014).
  3. Che cosa è Telegram, Squer.it (it).
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Meet Telegram, A Secure Messaging App From The Founders Of VK, Russia’s Largest Social Network. TechCrunch (27 October 2013).
  5. Surveillance drives South Koreans to encrypted messaging apps. The Verge (7 October 2014).
  6. https://telegram.org/faq#q-who-are-the-people-behind-telegram
  7. Russia’s Zuckerberg launches Telegram, a new instant messenger service. Reuters (2013-08-30).
  8. Template:Citation
  9. Template:Citation
  10. Crowdsourcing a More Secure Future. Telegram blog (21 Dec 2013).
  11. Winter Contest Ends. Telegram blog (2 Mar 2014). Retrieved on 3 March 2014.
  12. Robin Wauters (19 December 2013). Cracking contest: first one who breaks Telegram gets $200,000 in bitcoins (but really, nobody wins). Tech.eu. Retrieved on 4 December 2014.
  13. Marlinspike, Moxie (19 Dec 2013). A Crypto Challenge For The Telegram Developers. Thought crime. Retrieved on 2 March 2014.
  14. Hornby, Taylor (19 Dec 2013). Telegram's Cryptanalysis Contest. Crypto Fails. Retrieved on 2 March 2014.Template:Self-published source
  15. Wauters, Robin (19 Dec 2013). Cracking contest: first one who breaks Telegram gets $200,000 in bitcoins (but really, nobody wins). Tech. Retrieved on 2 March 2014.
  16. Alkemade, Thijs (2 April 2014). Breaking Half of the Telegram Contest. Retrieved on 2 April 2014.Template:Self-published source
  17. $300,000 for Cracking Telegram Encryption.
  18. Secure Messaging Scorecard. Which apps and tools actually keep your messages safe?. Electronic Frontier Foundation (2015-02-27).
  19. 19.0 19.1 Template:Citation
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 Munizaga, Jonathan (1 December 2014). Telegram ya permite migrar conversaciones y contactos a una línea nueva (Spanish). Wayerless. Retrieved on 2 December 2014.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 Mateo, David G (1 December 2014). Telegram ahora permite traspasar mensajes al cambiar de número (es). TuExperto. Retrieved on 2 December 2014.
  22. 22.0 22.1 Secure Messaging App Telegram Adds Usernames And Snapchat-Like Hold-To-View For Media. Techcrunch (Oct 23, 2014). Retrieved on 23 October 2014.
  23. Basics. FAQ. Telegram.
  24. Template:Citation
  25. 25.0 25.1 Telegram: una alternativa gratuita a WhatsApp con ventajas y algún punto oscuro (es) (1 March 2014).
  26. 26.0 26.1 Telegram para iOS, Android se actualiza con soporte de GIFs (es). Cnet. Retrieved on 12 December 2014.
  27. Should WhatsApp be wary of Telegram? (13 February 2014).
  28. Template:Citation
  29. Template:Citation
  30. Telegram FAQ (n.d.).
  31. Template:Citation
  32. Telegram technical FAQ for Advanced users.
  33. Template:Citation
  34. Pavel Durov: "No application is 100% safe". Turing. El Diario (2014-02-02). Retrieved on 2014-02-12.
  35. Telegram, el chat que compite con Whatsapp (es). El País.
  36. Telegram se actualiza para la pantalla del iPad (es). Cnet.
  37. Telegram-Anleitung: So benutzt man den Messenger (de). Newsslash.
  38. Telegram se actualiza con compatibilidad para Android Wear (es). ABC.
  39. Telegram Beta disponible para Windows Phone (es). Wayerless (May 2014).
  40. 40.0 40.1 Apps (es). Telegram.
  41. Ngram se convierte en el cliente oficial de Telegram para Windows Phone (es).

External links

Template:Commons category

Template:Instant messaging Template:Use MDY dates

Wikipedia-logo-v2 This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Telegram, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (view authors).

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.